According to The American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC) consolidated audit of December 31, 2021 (Note 17, Transactions with Related Parties, Supported Organizations in the Former Soviet Union ('FSU')):
"JDC carries out its programs through various organizations in the FSU. JDC made distributions of $143,788,953 and $138,905,914 during 2021 and 2020, respectively, for various program services to these organizations. These expenditures are reflected in the [audited] consolidated statement of functional expenses."
[Note: The $143,788,953 in distributions JDC made in 2021 to carry out its programs through various organizations in the Former Soviet Union, as referenced above, comprised approximately 46% of JDC's reported total program services spending in 2021.]
According to The American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC) consolidated audit of December 31, 2021 (Note 17, Transactions with Related Parties, Projects for the Public Benefit in Israel):
"JDC through Joint Israel works in partnership with the Government of Israel and other third parties to support projects in Israel for the public benefit.
ALFANAR – A company for public benefit...dedicated to the development of employment opportunities and professionalism in the Arab Sector.
HOTAM – Also known as Teach First Israel...promotes equal opportunity in Israel by developing and training a high-quality community of educators, outstanding teachers, and leaders who work together to enable every child to choose their own future, regardless of their parents' income, level of education, or social standing.
"JDC incurred expenditures on behalf of ALFANAR of $127,070 and $92,336 during 2021 and 2020, respectively. JDC incurred expenditures on behalf of HOTAM of $4,486,822 and $8,557,232 during 2021 and 2020, respectively."