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Environmental Defense Fund

CharityWatch report issued
September 2018

Top-Rated Charity
CharityWatch Grade
Our independent grade based
on a number of factors.
Program Percentage
Amount spent on programs
relative to overhead.
Cost to Raise $100
Amount spent to raise
$100 of contributions.

Contact Information

Environmental Defense Fund
257 Park Avenue South
New York, NY 10010

Other Names


Tax Status




Stated Mission

To preserve the natural systems on which all life depends; guided by science and economics, finds practical and lasting solutions to the most serious environmental problems.

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Data based on Fiscal Year Ended 09/30/2017

Program Percentage: 77%

The percentage of Environmental Defense Fund's cash budget it spends on programs relative to overhead (fundraising, management, and general expenses).


Calculated Total Expenses



Cost to Raise $100: $20

How many dollars Environmental Defense Fund spends on fundraising to raise each $100 of contributions.


Calculated Total Contributions


Joint Costs

Environmental Defense Fund's rating was adjusted for Joint Costs. If you are a donor who considers direct mail, telemarketing, and other Joint Cost solicitations to be true charitable programs, the below efficiency ratios, which were not adjusted for joint costs, may better reflect your goals.

Program % Cost to Raise $100
83% $13
Accounting rules allow charities to report some telemarketing, direct mail, and other solicitation costs as Program expenses. CharityWatch believes that most donors do not consider a charity's solicitation activities to be the Programs they are intending to support with their donations. We therefore adjust such expenses out of a charity's reported Program expense and add it to Fundraising expense prior to calculating its rating.

Government Funding

0% to 24%

Percentage of cash revenue
coming from government sources


Financial Documents

Entity Document Type Tax ID
Environmental Defense Fund Audited Consolidated Financial Statements Multiple
Environmental Defense Fund IRS Form 990 11-6107128
Entity: Environmental Defense Fund
Document Type: Audited Consolidated Financial Statements
Tax ID: Multiple
Entity: Environmental Defense Fund
Document Type: IRS Form 990
Tax ID: 11-6107128

Governance & Transparency

CharityWatch evaluates certain criteria related to a charity's Governance and Transparency. Donors may want to consider a charity's willingness to be open and transparent with CharityWatch to be a good litmus test for determining its commitment to public accountability.
This charity is Top-Rated
What does it mean to be Top-Rated?
Environmental Defense Fund
meets governance benchmarks.
Environmental Defense Fund
meets transparency benchmarks.
Provides Financial Information
Audit Accessibility
Governance: Policies
Reports regularly & consistently monitoring & enforcing compliance with a written Conflict of Interest Policy
Reports required, annual disclosure by officers, directors, and key staff of interests that could give rise to conflicts
Reports having a written Whistleblower Policy
Reports having a written Document Retention and Destruction Policy
Governance: Financials
Reports providing copy of tax form to all board members prior to filing it with IRS
Reports that financial statements were audited by an independent accountant
Governance: Board of Directors
Reports at least 5 voting board members
51% or more of voting board members reported as independent
Reports documenting minutes of board and board committee meetings
Privacy Policy
Privacy Policy

  Name Title Compensation
1 Frederic D. Krupp President $712,456
2 Eric Pooley Senior VP, Strategy & Communications $489,893
3 Diane Regas Executive Director $422,376
Name: Frederic D. Krupp
Title: President
Compensation: $712,456
Name: Eric Pooley
Title: Senior VP, Strategy & Communications
Compensation: $489,893
Name: Diane Regas
Title: Executive Director
Compensation: $422,376

CharityWatch Analysts perform an in-depth analysis of charities' audited financial statements and IRS tax filings, and often review other documents such as state filings, annual reports, and fundraising contracts during their evaluations. Below are select notes that CharityWatch believes may be of interest to donors.
CharityWatch's rating of Environmental Defense Fund (EDF) includes the financial activities of the 501(c)(3) public charity (tax ID #11-6107128).

The rating does not include the financial activities of the related 501(c)(4) tax-exempt, social welfare organization, Environmental Defense Action Fund (tax ID #90-0080500), for which CharityWatch issues a separate rating.

According to the EDF consolidated audit of September 30, 2017 (Note 11, Wholly-Controlled Entity Transactions), EDF made a $4,570,238 grant to the Environmental Defense Action Fund in fiscal 2017.

CharityWatch issues separate ratings for 501(c)(3) & 501(c)(4) organizations, even if their financial activities are included together in a consolidated audit, due to their different treatment under the IRS tax code. For more information on this topic, please see our sections on Types of Non-Profits, Tax Status, and Treatment of Related Organizations, which can be found on the Our Process page.

For more information about things to consider when donating to organizations that have related public charity and social welfare entities, click on the "Articles & Alerts" tab (above), and read "Sorting Out Non-Profit Pairs."
According to the Environmental Defense Fund (EDF) tax filing for the fiscal year-ended 9/30/2017 re: Compensation Information (IRS Form 990, Schedule J, Part II), EDF reports paying the following in "Bonus & incentive compensation" to these individuals in calendar year 2016:

(1) Frederic D. Krupp, President: $105,000, with reported total compensation of $712,456;
(2) Eric Pooley, Sr VP Strategy & Communication: $100,000, with reported total compensation of $489,893;
(3) Diane Regas, Executive Director: $15,000, with reported total compensation of $422,376;
(4) Dr. Daniel Dudek, VP of Asia: $50,000, with reported total compensation of $382,492; and
(5) Paula Hayes, Senior VP, Global Strategy: $10,000, with reported total compensation of $347,757.

In addition, EDF reports re: Compensation, Supplemental Information (IRS Form 990, Schedule J, Part III):

"David H. Festa, Vice President of Eco Systems, receives a reportable housing allowance of $70,000 which is reflected on Part II, Column B(iii) ['Other reportable compensation']." This allowance is included in his reported total compensation of $354,075 in calendar year 2016, according to Part II.

"Cynthia Hallenbeck, CFO thru June 30, 2016, received a severance payment of $124,787[,] which is reported on Part II, Column B(iii) ['Other reportable compensation']." This severance is included in her reported total compensation of $247,529 in calendar year 2016, according to Part II.

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